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Virtual Nations and Failed States: Making Sense of the Labyrinth

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Chapter Summary

Good governance became the catch phrase of international development agencies in the late 1990s. Mozambique in the early 2000s was hailed as an encouraging example of better governance. Moreover, from the global epoch of socialist developmentalism to the epoch of market globalization Mozambique continued under the same ruling party, Frente de Libertação de Moçambique (FRELIMO), and even under the same political personnel. It is the legendary schism occurring around the symbolic date of 1968 in which the "progressive" cosmopolitan faction of Eduardo Mondlane found themselves pitted against the "obscurantist" traditionalist faction of local "tribal chiefs". The ideological labels are conditionally bracketed here because they emerge from FRELIMO's offficial discourse. The author excavates what social structures underpinned the contemporary ideological oppositions. He elucidates the origins of personalistic power strategies commonly called state corruption and the diffferent, more bureaucratic and impersonal power strategy which is called today good governance.

Keywords:bureaucratic governance; Frente de Libertação de Moçambique (FRELIMO); Mozambique; schism; social origins



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