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9. ramanu „Selbst“

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Chapter Summary

The chapter discusses the term ramanu "self" in the light of anthropological definitions and expounds the problems of self-responsibility and self-consciousness on the one hand, and the negation of personal autonomy, on the other. The word ramanu "self" in Akkadian has the function of referring back to the person who meets the reflexive pronouns in other languages. In formulations in which ramanu is used as emphatic subject instead of independent personal pronoun, the ramanu often represents the self as a conscious agent and sentient subject. Just as the "self" in anthropological perspective the word ramanu also linked to the physical and mental sphere. The chapter examines the word ramanu and the rejection of autonomous action. The Mesopotamian texts have an ambivalent opinion with respect to the ability of man to use his mind and his own will. The original text of the chapter is in German.

Keywords: Akkadian; autonomous action; Mesopotamian texts; ramanu; reflexive pronouns



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