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Marginalia of the Hebrew Renaissance:

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Chapter Summary

The revival of Hebrew in the last quarter of the nineteenth and in the first quarter of the twentieth century imagined in the form of two principal processes: the creation of new words according to existing morphological models and the ascription of new meanings to words which were taken from classical Hebrew texts. This chapter shows how calques of Russian metaphors and of paradigmatic literary images have served Elisheva and Goldberg as a means to enrich the imagery of Hebrew prose and poetry. Hebrew of their poetry and prose became something like a textual diaspora for Russian poetic images. This state of diaspora caused Russian idioms and paradigmatic poetic lines to be dressed in a Hebrew gown. The inhabitants of Erets Israel began to use them in written and oral speech, especially those who were familiar with Russian and therefore sensitive to the coincidence of images.

Keywords:calques; Elisheva; Hebrew; literary; poetry; prose; Russian; twentieth century

10.1163/9789004227132_006
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