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From a Russian-Jewish Philanthropic Organization to the ‘Glorious Institute of World Jewry’:

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines the complex process of development of the Societies of Artisan and Agricultural Work (ORT) from a national educational and philanthropic institution, whose aims and goals were restricted by the need for the social and economic reconstruction of East-European Jewry, into an interstate, transnational multi-level network of social and political actors working worldwide. Analyses of source materials preserved in the World ORT Archive in London and in depositories of Israel, Germany, and Russia highlight that such a rapid growth of the World ORT Union (WOU) and its successful long-term activity depended, to a great extent, on the organizational structure of the institution as a whole. The ability of the WOU network actors to mobilize their own resources when the ties between them had been broken ensured the viability of the WOU organizational structure and its effectiveness during World War II.

Keywords:East-European Jewry; Germany; Russian-Jewish Philanthropic Organization; World ORT Union (WOU)



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