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Chapter Summary

Turkey is not a member of the European Union. Turkey has been a candidate country since December 1999. Turkey is a member of the Council of Europe since 1949 and a founding member of the OECD in 1961 and the OSCE in 1973. The country has also been an associate member of the Western European Union since 1992. On 18 February 2008 the Council adopted a revised Accession Partnership with Turkey. Turkey is a founding member of the Council of Europe. This chapter presents the relevant provisions of the Constitution of Turkey of 7 November 1982, as amended up 12 September 2010. It also describes the human rights related legislation, penal code provisions, protection of minorities, and equality bodies/ombudsman.

Keywords:constitution provisions; Council of Europe; equality bodies; European Union; human rights related legislation; ombudsman; penal code provisions; protection of minorities; Turkey



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