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1. The Media and National Identity during the Japanese Colonial Period

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Chapter Summary

During Japanese rule, the Japanese government pushed Japanese identity in official media, but many Taiwanese elites expressed a contrary identity in private newspapers. The aim of this chapter is first to shed light on the processes of the dōka policy the Japanese applied to Taiwan, and the Japanese official media's role in the construction of national identity. It also discusses why and how Taiwanese private newspapers during the 1920s and early 1930s shaped alternative national identities in opposition to the Japanese identity. The chapter takes the official Taiwan Daily News and the Taipei Broadcasting Station as well as the Taiwanese private Taiwan People's News, Taiwan Masses Times and New Taiwan Masses Times, as examples to examine relations between national identity and the media. Broadcasting in Taiwan, a government monopoly, begun in 1928, was a tool of dōka and later a method to mobilize the Taiwanese people during World War II.

Keywords: dōka policy; Japanese government; national identity; New Taiwan Masses Times; Taiwan Daily News; Taiwan Masses Times; Taiwanese private Taiwan People's News; World War II



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