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2. The Chinese Nationalist Party Regime and the Media, 1945-1987

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Chapter Summary

As a colonial regime from Mainland China without broad support or legitimacy in Taiwan, the Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT; Kuomintang) government applied numerous measures to secure its power before democratization. The media formed part of the ideological state apparatus of the colonial KMT regime, playing a vital role in propagandizing its version of Chinese ideology and attacking the Chinese Communists, the Taiwan Independence Movement and the democratic opposition. This chapter selects newspapers such as the Taiwan New Life News, the United Daily News, the China Times, the Independent Evening Post to examine the construction of national identity in the print media. It also uses radio stations and three free-to-air TV stations as cases to analyze the KMT's policy of constructing a Chinese identity in the electronic media. The chapter discusses the development of opposition magazines as well as the birth of Taiwan identity in opposition magazines.

Keywords: China Times; Chinese Nationalist Party; electronic media; Independent Evening Post; Mainland China; Taiwan Independence Movement; Taiwan New Life News; United Daily News

10.1163/9789004227699_004
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