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3. The Media and National Identity under Democratization

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Chapter Summary

Being a colonial regime from China, the authoritarian KMT government pushed a Chinese identity for Taiwan while repressing the Taiwan identity of the Taiwanese people until democratization in the early 1990s. During the martial law period, most media were part of the state apparatus to propagandize China identity. Democratization brought freedom of the press leading to changes in the portrayal of national identity in Taiwan's media. This chapter discusses Lee Teng-hui's democratization and Taiwanization policies as well as the growth of Taiwanese identity among Taiwanese people. It further explores the changes in the overall map of the news media market, including print and electronic, in relation to national identity under democratization. The chapter also analyses the intentions of both the pro-Taiwan Chen Shui-bian government and the pro-China Ma Ying-jeou government to influence national identity in such government media as Radio Taiwan International and the Central News Agency.

Keywords: Chen Shui-bian government; Democratization; KMT government; Lee Teng-hui; martial law period; National identity; pro-China Ma Ying-jeou government; Taiwan's media



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