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Physiologia from Galen to Jacob Bording

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Chapter Summary

This chapter is an appeal for clarity, not because of a wish to accuse others of obfuscation, but because of the ambiguities inherent in the very term 'physiology'. Physiology became one of the standard divisions of medicine in late-antique Galenism. On the Natural Part of Medicine encompassed elements, mixtures, humours, spirits, faculties and anatomy, standard features of medieval Galenism. In 1554, in his second edition, Jean Fernel (or his editor) altered the title to Physiologia, but without making any substantial changes to his text. For Fernel, and for his successors down to the nineteenth century, anatomy, in the sense of a description of the body's structures, remained an essential part of all treatises entitled Physiology, and vice-versa. The chapter also mentions plagiarism by Johannes Boeckel of Jacob Bording's work on physiology.

Keywords:Galenic anatomy; Jacob Bording; Jean Fernel; Johannes Boeckel; Physiologia



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