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Chapter Summary

The goal of this chapter is to adequately describe the politico-religious backdrop within the institutional Church which was of the utmost importance to the course of events. The political atmosphere within the Church, particularly the relationship between pope, council, Latin and Orthodox Christendom, combined to create an ecclesiastical context in which an anti-Ottoman crusade was not only desirable but politically urgent. There are three important premises underlying this thesis. First, that the Byzantines and in particular John VIII sought union with the West above all to ward off the Turkish threat. The second premise is that Eugene IV, who faced an opposing and eventually schismatic council at Basel saw the union as a way to bolster his status vis ? vis this council. Lastly, the promises Eugene IV had made to John VIII before, during and after the council of Ferrara regarding Western assistance had been made with sincerity.

Keywords:Byzantines; church; council; crusade; Eugene IV; Orthodox Christendom



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