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9. temples, Churches and Mosques

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Chapter Summary

In Antiquity itself, for example in Egypt, architectural members were reused; and rulers commemmorated in marble or granite fared better than those who built in limestone, because this material is often fragile, and can be unattractive. In certain areas, such as in Tunisia, and parts of Algeria, temples could still be found well-nigh intact in the 19th century, including statues–perhaps one reason why few appear to have been converted into mosques. In the shifting military and political situation of the Crusades, churches could become mosques and then revert to churches– just as remains could be so mixed up that it was difficult to determine whether one was looking at a temple, a church or a khan. Triumphalism on a lesser scale might have been Western-Christian as well, if the Venetians really did take two marble slabs from Pola in 1380 and inscribe them appropriately.

Keywords:churches; limestone; marble; mosques; temples; triumphalism

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