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Chapter Summary

This is the introductory chapter of the book, which provides a comprehensive view of the current research on the culture of the Aramaeans of Syria. When working on the Aramaeans of Syria and their religion, a distinction must be made between sources referring to the Aramaeans of Syria and those originating from the Aramaeans of Syria. Likewise, it is known that the Aramaeans imported the Mesopotamian Epic of Gilgamesh to the West by way of the Greeks. Fundamental to an understanding of the prehistory and early history of the Aramaeans is the concept of nomadism in the Upper and Middle Euphrates and Middle Syria, mentioned in written sources during the late 3rd and early 2nd millennium B.C. Research into the Aramaean cultures of ancient Syria began in the early 20th century after the decipherment of cuneiform in the 19th century allowed a new view of them.

Keywords: ancient Syria; Aramaean culture; Greeks; Mesopotamian Epic of Gilgamesh; Middle Euphrates



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