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VII. Architecture

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Chapter Summary

Aramaean architecture can hardly be discussed in isolation from Luwian or "Neo-Hittite" architecture. The gates of city walls and citadels were of significance. They were the most vulnerable parts of the fortification, transmission points in the daily traffic from the inside to the outside of a city, contact zones and links between the urban community and the inhabitants of the hinterland, thus, symbolically, also between civilization and wilderness. In general, a palace is defined as the residence of a ruler or his representative. Regional differences are evident with respect to city planning and variations of buildings. In Sumerian and Akkadian this word was almost exclusively used to denote palaces, whereas in West Semitic languages it may also have been used as an expression for a temple. Further important sanctuaries known only from textual references include the temples of the moon-God in Harran and the storm-God in Sikani.

Keywords: Aramaean architecture; citadels; moon-God; palace; storm-God



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