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R2P and the Protection of Minorities

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Chapter Summary

The International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty (ICISS) presented a report on "The Responsibility to Protect" (R2P). The United Nations has subsequently endorsed politically R2P in the 2005 World Summit Outcome Document of the United Nations when it was adopted by the General Assembly. This chapter deals however with a little known, though rather instructive, dimension in Kofi Annan's examples, as well as those of Kosovo, the Central African Republic, and Syria. These and most other similar and recent crisis situations such as South Sudan involve minorities. The formulation of R2P does not limit itself to the protection of certain categories of individuals or groups, it also addresses specific types of situations: genocide, ethnic cleansing, crimes of war between states, and crimes against humanity. Soft power and early warning systems could be effective in preventing conflicts and mass atrocities usually involving minorities.

Keywords: ethnic cleansing; ethnic minority; genocide; humanitarian intervention; Responsibility to Protect (R2P); state sovereignty; UN Security Council; war crime



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