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Chapter Summary

This is the introductory chapter of the book, which discusses the similarities between Dead Sea Scrolls and Pauline literature. It examines carefully the parallels between the two corpora to see if they might shed light on each other. Both Paul and Qumran need to be contextualized with other literatures of the period, be they Hellenistic, Judeo-Hellenistic or rabbinic. They are both witnesses of the Mediterranean Judaism of the period. The building blocks they use can be illuminated by other literary corpora. Paul and Qumran share a starting point; they reflect the sacred scripture of Israel which each develops in its own way, but often sharing similar interpretative processes. Qumran can indeed help to understand Paul, but Paul can also help to understand Qumran, as does the later rabbinic literature. Paul and Qumran share imaginary sources, inter-text, and even inter-discourse. Qumran ideas are not exclusive, nor are Paul's.

Keywords: Mediterranean Judaism; Pauline literature; Qumran



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