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Paul’s View of the Spirit in the Light of Qumran

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Chapter Summary

This chapter focuses on some examples where the Qumran background matches or helps to explain aspects of the Pauline views. Paul's view of the Holy Spirit cannot be explained fully by Qumran usage. It is strongly shaped by other experiences and encounters. Apart from all particular linguistic parallels or more or less specific similarities of ideas, the Qumran parallels share the view that the gift of the spirit or the possession of the spirit is "not merely an experience of euphoria or anguish, an entrée to ecstasy, a sequence of actions or emotions" but now put in Christian terms "the way in which the values of the Gospel are concretized". The fact that Paul in much more than some of his addresses stresses the verbal and revelatory functions of the spirit can be regarded as a special parallel to the Qumranic ideas and as a distinctively Jewish element.

Keywords: Holy Spirit; Paul; Qumran



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