Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

VI. The “Direct Enforcement System:” History of International Criminal Investigations and Prosecutions

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this chapter

+ Tax (if applicable)

Chapter Summary

An ideal "direct enforcement system" would include not only an adjudicating body, but would be a vertically integrated and comprehensive international criminal justice system consisting of all the components found in national criminal justice systems, namely: investigation, prosecution, adjudication, sanctions, and enforcement. Between 1919 and 1994 there were five ad hoc international investigation commissions, four ad hoc international criminal tribunals, and three internationally mandated or authorized national prosecutions arising out of World War I and World War II. This chapter reviews the U.N. efforts to establish an international criminal court and to codify certain international crimes. The development of direct enforcement systems like the ICC, ICTY, and ICTR inspired the establishment of new institutions, the advancement of norms and jurisprudence, and above all, the normalization of international criminal justice.

Keywords:direct enforcement system; international criminal investigation; international criminal justice; international criminal prosecution



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Introduction to International Criminal Law, 2nd Revised Edition — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation