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Chapter Summary

Roman intervention on the island of Cyprus is attested already by the second century BC. Rome was acting as protector of the interests of the Ptolemies, and so, in 168BC, when Antiochus IV Epiphanes of Syria conquered Cyprus, it sent an embassy to the island and obliged him to withdraw. The adoption of different, Braudelian, nonlinear conceptions of chronological frameworks, based on medium/longterm processes and land-use patterns, has shown that linear chronological divisions appear largely irrelevant when one wants to research questions of social change. The Cypro-Classical and early Hellenistic periods clearly 'belong together'. In the same way the late Hellenistic and early Roman periods if they are not seen in isolation, appear as part of one and the same conjuncture. Elements of social time, such as art-styles, monuments and landscapes can, thus, be better understood from the long-term perspective.

Keywords: Cypro-classical period; early Hellenistic period; early Roman period; Ptolemies



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