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Revisiting the Date of King Josiah’s Death

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Chapter Summary

The purpose of this chapter is to reconsider the date of King Josiah's death. It is divided into three sections: a short survey of the history of research; the relevance of Demotic Papyrus Berlin 13588 for the date of Psammetichus I's death and Necho's accession; and its significance for determining Egyptian-Judean Political Relations. The description of Josiah's death by Necho II made a synchronism possible between the Judean and the Egyptian chronology. From an Egyptological point of view, Josiah's death occurred during Necho's campaign against the Babylonians which took place within a few months of his accession in 609 BCE. Josiah's year of death should remain 609 BCE. According to the author, Psammetichus I died on March 22 beyond the borders of Egypt. In 611 BCE, Necho II raised a second campaign against the Babylonians, killing Josiah at Megiddo en route.

Keywords:Babylon; Demotic Papyrus Berlin; Egyptian-Judean political relationship; King Josiah's death; Necho II; Psammetichus I



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