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Roma and the Limits of Free Movement in the European Union

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Chapter Summary

As one of the four fundamental freedoms of the European Union (EU), the free movement of people across national boundaries is essential to the economic success of the common market. The European Commission, as the primary enforcement body of European law, is responsible for identifying violations of the free movement rules. This chapter explores the Commission's response to the French expulsion and considers the Commission's actions in this specific case in relation to its implementation efforts more broadly. It begins with an introduction to the Roma and their historical experiences in Europe, focusing on the limitations placed on their free movement throughout European history. The chapter then places the expulsion of Roma from France in 2010 within the legal framework of European law, introducing the free movement directive. It concludes with an analysis of the Commission's response to the French expulsions.

Keywords:European Union (EU); free movement; French expulsions; Roma; European Union (EU)



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