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The Causes of Change

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Chapter Summary

The emergence of ryosai kenbo ideology meant the emergence of a model of the ideal woman that conformed to the sexual division of roles placing men at work and women at home; it also signified a model for the assimilation of women into the nation-state through their mobilization in service of the nation through housework and childrearing. With the great changes in the circumstances of women within and without Japan during and after World War I, the conventional view of girls’ education began to lose its power as a prescriptive model. As a result, the ryosai kenbo ideal, too, had to be revised. In this chapter, the author considers two elements (Changes in the Circumstances of Women and The Development of Ideas of Women’s Liberation) that brought about this transformation. This should bring into sharper relief the nature of the change in post-World War I ryōsai kenbo thought.

Keywords:girls' education; Ideas of women’s liberation; Japan; ryōsai kenbo; world war I



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