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The African System for the Protection of Human and Peoples’ Rights: Pan-Africanism, Solidarity and Rights

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Chapter Summary

This chapter highlights the main distinguishing peculiarities underlying the philosophy and the actual practice of human rights in Africa. One characteristic feature that is often reiterated in African human rights instruments is the idea of solidarity among African states and African peoples. In 1977 the Czech jurist Karel Vasak elaborated a theory of human rights based on their partition into three different generations. He associated these three generations to the values of the French Revolution, linking the first generation of rights, namely civil and political rights, proclaimed by the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights ('ICCPR'), to the value of liberty; the second generation, that is economic, social and cultural rights, embodied in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights ('ICESCR'), to equality; and the third generation to the ideal of fraternity.

Keywords: African human rights; civil rights; cultural rights; Czech jurist Karel Vasak; economic rights; French Revolution; ICCPR; ICESCR; political rights; social rights



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