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Chapter Summary

This chapter explains two terms, ‘nationality’ and ‘citizenship’ before moving on to specific aspects of nationality. A short account of their differences is provided. Other terms briefly described are ‘domicile’ and ‘residence’ as well as ‘third country nationals’. According to Kunz, “Nationality is a concept of international law, citizenship a concept of municipal law." A person’s domicile is regarded as continuing until another domicile is acquired. Residence of a person is determined solely by factual criteria and does not depend upon a legal entitlement to reside. While book references will predominantly be made to residence, domicile will be mentioned only in specific cases when rights are acquired if a person has established domicile in a State. ‘Third country national’ is widely used to refer to immigrants who arrive in the EU from outside countries.

Keywords:citizenship; domicile; nationality; residence; third country national



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