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Concept of Non-Citizen

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Chapter Summary

Latvia represents a specific case of statelessness as a group of people became of undetermined status because they did not qualify for Latvian citizenship on the basis of the State continuity principle and also did not opt for citizenship of the Russian Federation or other CIS States. Latvia has defended its position that non-citizens cannot be qualified as stateless persons and the international human rights monitoring bodies accept this. The status of non-citizen suggests that there might be specific categories of residents which do not fit into traditional qualifications recognised in international law and are adjusted for the purposes of EU regulation. Although introduction of the definitions of denizenship and quasi citizenship might be helpful, they do not by themselves set a minimum entitlement to rights beyond human rights in international law. The chapter also talks about legal regulation of access and loss of non-citizen status and rights attached.

Keywords:denizenship; international law; Latvian citizenship; non-citizen status; quasi citizenship; statelessness



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