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III. The Hasmonean Revolt and the High Priesthood of Menelaus

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Chapter Summary

This chapter focuses on the origins and aim(s) of the Hasmonean revolt. The period under study is between 166 and 162, when the high priest Menelaus was arrested. It is necessary to understand the nature of this revolt and its significance for the institution of Hasmonean high priesthood. Three main questions will guide the chapter: First, what attitude did Hasmoneans have towards Menelaus and temple authorities? Second, what impact did the policy of this high priest have on Hasmonean revolt? Third, how did Hasmoneans view the Seleucid dominion after 167? The importance of this treatise is twofold: First, it studies the Hasmonean revolt in relation to high priestly office in Jerusalem and in the context of diplomatic relations of high priest Menelaus with Seleucid royal chancellery. Second, it pays attention to the role of Judas in the revolt, especially his control of temple between December of 164 and early 162.

Keywords: Hasmonean revolt; high priest Menelaus; Jerusalem; Seleucid dominion; Seleucid royal chancellery; temple authorities



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