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VI. The High Priesthood of Jonathan: Part One (152–150 b.c.e.)

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Chapter Summary

This chapter deals with historical issues related to the appointment of Jonathan as archiereus. The main question is: Was Jonathan appointed to act as a Jewish/biblical or as a Seleucid/Hellenistic high priest? In order to study the nature of Jonathan's appointment it is necessary to understand his relation to the temple priesthood and the royal Akra. It is also important to investigate how the military power of Jonathan interacted with his new office of high priesthood. Jonathan's official military position and subsequent control and fortification of the temple area soon formed the basis for him to claim supreme authority in Judea. The chapter analyses the way the first Hasmonean became high priest. It also opens the discussion of certain Dead Sea Scrolls that are believed to disclose information about the institution of the Hasmonean high priesthood. The period under study is from 152 to the summer of 150.

Keywords: archiereus; Dead Sea Scrolls; Hasmonean high priesthood; high priesthood of Jonathan; Judea; military position; royal Akra

10.1163/9789004252042_008
/content/books/b9789004252042_008
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