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VIII. The High Priesthood of Jonathan: Part Three (145–143 b.c.e.)

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Chapter Summary

This chapter analyzes the development in the high priesthood of Jonathan between 145 and the end of 143. How did the various factions in Judea react at the high priestly rule of Jonathan after the death of his protégé, Alexander I? What was the reaction of the Akra and the temple officials to this event? Did Demetrius II confirm the Hellenistic model of the high priesthood of Jonathan? If so, on what specific conditions was it done? In 144, Jonathan sided with the rival King Antiochus VI: Why? Was this decision connected with the nature of Jonathan's high priesthood? First, the chapter explores the various ways in which both the anti-Hasmonean Jewish circles and certain Seleucid officials undermined the high priestly rule of Jonathan, and the various ways Jonathan reacted to this increasing threat. Second, it sheds light on the role of Simon while Jonathan acted as high priest.

Keywords: Akra; Alexander I; anti-Hasmonean Jewish circles; Demetrius II; high priesthood of Jonathan; Judea; Seleucid officials



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