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Spirituality’s Unique Role in Positive Affect, Satisfaction with Life, and Forgiveness over and above Personality and Individualism-Collectivism

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Chapter Summary

Although spirituality is increasingly acknowledged to play a significant role in human psychological functioning, it is often seen as part of personality or cultural values and thus relegated to the domain of an add-on variable in research designs. This chapter presents general role of spirituality (spiritual transcendence and intrinsic religious motivation) by testing the hypothesis that spirituality has a unique role in impacting the positive psychological constructs of positive affect (PA), satisfaction with life (SWL), and forgiveness (transgression related interpersonal motivation) over and above personality and cultural orientation of individualism-collectivism. Data from 637 participants were analyzed for intercorrelations and incremental validity. Results indicated that spirituality had a unique significant contribution to positive affect, satisfaction with life, and forgiveness after controlling for the effects of personality and individualism-collectivism. Based on these significant results, the reasons for the integration of spirituality in both research design and clinical practice are discussed.

Keywords:collectivism; forgiveness; individualism; personality; positive affect (PA); satisfaction with life(SWL); spirituality



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