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Conclusion: Conflict or Coherence? The Fusion of Faith and Reason in Cusan Philosophy and Theology

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Chapter Summary

Cusanus undertook the bold and ambitious project of trying to demonstrate the essential harmony of faith and reason in Christian theology. Cusanus' debate with Wenck was to a great extent a debate over Aristotle, and even the debate with Vincent of Aggsbach centrally concerned academic theology and the application of Aristotelian metaphysics within mystical theology. The study of Idiota de mente brought to light the significance of Cusanus' reflections on the nature of faith as innate religion, and of his model of mind as vis iudiciaria. In trying to solve an essentially theological problem, Cusanus arrived at a highly significant philosophical achievement: that of a model of mind as the faculty of judgment. The most accurate representation of Cusanus' doctrine of faith and reason is that contains certain irreconcilable tensions, neither fruitful nor intentional, but in the end simply problematic, from either a philosophical or a theological point of view.

Keywords: Aristotle; Christian theology; Cusanus' doctrine of faith; Idiota de mente; vis iudiciaria



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