Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

4 Colonization, Contacts and Change, 1200–1550

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this chapter

+ Tax (if applicable)

Chapter Summary

This chapter focuses on how Sámi areas were integrated into economic and political networks that were controlled by powers outside of northern Fennoscandia and seen how Sámi society reacted to these new conditions. The rise of reindeer herding is one of the most discussed issues in Sámi cultural history. The explanations of the origin of reindeer pastoralism that have traditionally found most favor in Nordic research have stressed external factors such as taxation, colonization, increased trade contact, and missionary activity. The chapter approaches the cultural interaction from a different and more concrete angle by looking at a remarkable settlement structure that appeared along the northernmost coast of Finnmark during the Middle Ages, the 'multi-room' houses. It also looks at religious articulations as revealed locally in some of the Sámi communities.

Keywords: colonization; Finnmark; Middle Ages; multi-room houses; Nordic research; northern Fennoscandia; reindeer pastoralism; Sámi societies; trade contact



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Hunters in Transition — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation