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2. The First Systemic Crisis

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Chapter Summary

Open opposition to the Communist regime began immediately following the end of World War II, as soon as the Communists succeeded the German occupation. Opposition continued elsewhere not long after the end of that war, as farmers fought the government’s efforts to forcibly collectivise their newly-acquired lands. Under the Communists, the Church continued to insist upon its independence. A new tax law significantly cut into earnings: some five thousand workers each lost approximately two months’ salary. The harrowing experiences of Grabus and Rybak were not isolated incidents. There were many casualties resulting from the suppression of this insurrection. Despite Gomulka’s reversion to the old order, the upheavals and the régime - change that took place that year had a lasting impact.

Keywords:communists; Gomułka’s reversion; insurrection; workers council

10.1163/9789004252769_004
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