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15. The Resistance

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Chapter Summary

Resistance to the ‘State of War’ began almost immediately, as those not detained gathered at their workplaces and universities. In Upper Silesia, resistance was more determined. The miners and other industrial workers in the region, having once been mobilised, were not easy to quell. The government tried to use psychological pressure on the workers of Katowice Steel Mill. But after a while it became clear that some of these workers were simply not going to surrender. Resistance continued long after the period that martial law was imposed. The declaration of martial law and the round-ups associated with it moved another generation into opposition. Miniature Solidarity buttons appeared; high-school and university students wore black to school; at football matches, cries of ‘Solidarity’ were frequently heard. Very few new people joined until 1985, when the Party slowly began to grow, but not enough to rejuvenate it.

Keywords:Katowice Steel Mill; martial law; resistance; Solidarity; Upper Silesia



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