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An Anonymous Hebrew Translation of a Latin Treatise on Meteorology

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Chapter Summary

The medieval Hebrew corpus on meteorology comprises two different translations of a Latin text on meteorology, part of the so-called Philosophia pauperum. This chapter discusses the contents and structure of the Latin-into-Hebrew translation (HPP/M), as compared to its Latin source and to the Aristotelian background as found, inter alia, in ʾOtot ha-šamayim (OS). It treats some features of the Hebrew translation, including its terminology and its glosses and leʾazim. Then it turns to the translator's attitude towards Christianity. Finally, the chapter describes how our anonymous translator renders the section on thunder and lightning. Our examination of HPP/M as found in Oxford, MS Opp. 583, has yielded the following results. The text is close to the corresponding part of the Latin treatise known as Philosophia pauperum. Some deviations in the Hebrew, however, suggest that the translation was based on a slightly different version than that printed in Borgnet's edition.

Keywords: ʾOtot ha-šamayim (OS); Borgnet; Christianity; Hebrew translation; Latin treatise; meteorology; Philosophia pauperum



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