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The Aragonese Circle of “Jewish Scholastics” and Its Possible Relationship to Local Christian Scholarship: An Overview of Historical Data and Some General Questions

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Chapter Summary

Jewish Scholasticism as a historical phenomenon existed in the Aragonese domain between 1350 and 1492. There are some indications that, in the period 1350-1410, the Aragonese Jewish philosopher Ḥasdai Crescas, and probably also his teacher, Nissim of Gerona, were in contact with Christian scholars. This chapter considers the philosophical sources and topics studied by the Aragonese "Jewish Scholastics". It has listed several translations executed by two of them, ʿEli Ḥabillo and Abraham Šalom. It seems possible that at least some members of the Aragonese circle of "Jewish Scholasticism" attended Christian universities, where Latin philosophical and theological texts were read, studied, and discussed. However, apart from Ḥabillo's case, which still has to be examined in detail, the author is unaware of any source that would confirm the existence of personal contacts between the members of our "Aragonese circle" and contemporary Christian scholars, in Aragon or elsewhere.

Keywords: ʿEli Ḥabillo; Ḥasdai Crescas; Abraham Šalom; Aragonese circle; Christian scholars; Jewish Scholastics; Latin



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