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Abraham Shalom’s Hebrew Translation of a Latin Treatise on Meteorology

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Chapter Summary

Aristotle's Meteorology, the fourth of his treatises on natural philosophy, elicited considerable interest on the part of medieval Jewish intellectuals. Abraham Shalom's translation of the Meteorology forms part of a collection entitled Qiṣṣur ha-Filosofyah ha-ṭivʿit; in his Neweh Shalom he refers to it as Oṣar ha-ʿeinayim, which, as Moritz Steinschneider already pointed out, must be a corruption of Oṣar ha-ʿaniyyim. Albertus Magnus' own commentary, in turn, is based on the Latin version of Aristotle's Meteorology, although it contains numerous digressions deriving from a wide variety of sources. Albertus Magnus' Meteora, maintains the order of the Aristotelian treatise, and his commentary covers its entire subject-matter. It can be concluded that this late fifteenth-century Hebrew version of the section on Meteorology cannot be qualified as more literal than the anonymous translation.

Keywords: Abraham Shalom; Albertus Magnus; Aristotle's Meteorology; medieval Jewish intellectuals



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