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Latin into Hebrew (and Back): Flavius Mithridates and his Latin Translations from Judah Romano

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Chapter Summary

This chapter presents the extant evidence of two translations made by Flavius Mithridates from the works of the Italian philosopher and translator Judahben Daniel of Rome, also known as Judah Romano. It provides a fortuitous platform to briefly study and publish these two short texts which have heretofore been insufficiently known. The chapter discusses about a Hebrew-Latin glossary of the most notable terms employed by Mithridates in his translations. It is interesting to consider in a synthetical form how the philosophical terminology is rendered into Latin, paying special attention to the oscillations and the regularities of Mithridates' confrontation with the highly specialized and technical language used in philosophical texts, rather different from the main bulk of Kabbalistic works which form the core of the Vatican manuscripts. Judah Romano would not have been pleased to see his early attempt at reconciling philosophy and Jewish faith take an unexpected turn.

Keywords: Flavius Mithridates; Hebrew-Latin glossary; Judah Romano



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