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Open Access Reformasi and Underground

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Reformasi and Underground

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Chapter Summary

This chapter presents post-Soeharto alternative, underground, or, as Gotot Prakosa has called them in English, 'side-stream' channels of film mediation practices and discourses. It explains the theories on Third Cinema. The incentive to undertake activities in the field of film independen really commenced with the production of the film Kuldesak. Many rules and restrictions for film production and exhibition of the New Order were dissolved by the process of Reformasi, which was at its peak at that time, and were applied less strictly. When the production and screening of film independent was at its height in 2001, discussions on film distribution and exhibition began to cover the problems of access of domestic films to the topend cinemas of Cinema 21. These discussions were fuelled by the case of Beth. Both the post-Soeharto film festivals and networks of Video Compact Discs (VCDs) provided alternative sites of film distribution and consumption.

Keywords: Beth; film independen; film mediation practices; Kuldesak; post-Soeharto film festivals; Reformasi; Third Cinema; Video Compact Discs (VCDs)



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