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Open Access New Order and Dayak Marginalization (1966-1998)

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New Order and Dayak Marginalization (1966-1998)

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Chapter Summary

This chapter looks at the political, economic and cultural marginalization of Dayaks under the New Order regime. It examines how uneven development has affected Dayaks by looking at the influence of logging and plantation activities and transmigration projects on rural Dayaks and discusses opportunities open to Dayaks in urban areas. The chapter focuses on factors outside the Dayak community's control, such as the introduction of contemporary world religions and government policies, as well as on the lack of cultural courage and pride among the Dayaks as the main contributors to cultural decline. The introduction of foreign religions, especially Islam and Christianity, undermined Dayak cultural practices. The Dayaks also have relatively high rates of cross-cultural and cross-religious marriages compared to other ethnic groups. In many of these marriages, the Dayaks tend to embrace their partner's cultural and religious identity.

Keywords: cultural marginalization; Dayak community; New Order regime; transmigration



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