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5 Public Order and Political Repression in the Rearguard

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Chapter Summary

The offensives in Aragon and Mallorca coincided with political repression and a wave of often indiscriminate assassinations in Catalonia as well as in other zones controlled by the Republic. Republican security forces were not the only ones engaged in the repression: every anti-fascist party and organisation, as well as some groups that emerged during the revolution, took part in it. The violence that typifies this period of repression was not directed against the military but rather against civilians, and it was perpetrated by popular organisations and by incontrolados. Both sides in the Civil War engaged in repression, but, as the French historian Pierre Vilar noted, there is a fundamental difference between the repression of one side and that of the other. While there were frequent calls in the Republican zone to end this kind of violence, the zones controlled by the insurgents saw few or no attempts to control it.

Keywords: Aragon; Catalonia; Civil War; incontrolados; Mallorca; political repression; Republican security forces



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