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Conclusion: The Historical Significance of the Republic’s Defeat

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Chapter Summary

In Catalonia, no event of the last two hundred years has had the catastrophic consequences of the Republican defeat. Projects based on traditions from before the war made advances in other aspects of Catalan society as well. For most of Catalan society, the trauma of defeat, interrupting a decades-long historical trajectory, grew much larger than what might be called the trauma of the Civil War. The trauma of defeat began with the massive exodus of Spaniards and Catalans, four hundred thousand to five hundred thousand of them, who crossed the Catalan border into France. In Catalonia, Barcelona's Modelo Prison won the unenviable prize for the most lock-ups. Finally, the severe decline in birth rates due to the war also damaged Catalan society. In the end, Catalonia came out of the Civil War doubly defeated.

Keywords: Catalonia; Civil War; historical trajectory; Republican defeat



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