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1 Copernicus between 1514 and 1616: An Overview

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Chapter Summary

Nicholas Copernicus was a canon of the Chapter of Frombork in Varmia. Copernicus owed his cultural background to Cracow. Despite the frictions with Copernicus, Dantyszek contributed to the dissemination of his renown, through his correspondence with the Flemish mathematician and physician Reiner Gemma Frisius. Rheticus was native of Feldkirch, in Voralberg, a region then called "Rhetia". Reinhold's astronomical tables Prutenicae tabulae made it easy to employ the parameters of De revolutionibus for practical purposes. Clavius, author of the Gregorian reform, participated in numerous debates and arguments. In Spain, Copernicus attracted the attention of the geographers of the Casa de Contratación of Seville. The censure of the "Pythagorean doctrine" by the Roman Church in 1616 marked a turning point in the reception of Copernicus, because a realistic reading of De revolutionibus was prohibited in Catholic countries, as demonstrated by the severity of the condemnation of Galileo in 1633.

Keywords: Clavius; Copernicus; Cracow; Dantyszek; De revolutionibus; Galileo; Prutenicae tabulae; Reinhold; Rheticus; Varmia



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