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Protocol II: Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and Relating to the Protection of Victims of Non-International Armed Conflicts (Protocol II)

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Chapter Summary

Better protection for the victims of non-international conflicts was one of the main issues submitted to the Conferences of Government Experts in 1971 and 1972. As has been stated in the general introduction, it was on the basis of the discussions of those Conferences that the ICRC decided to draft separate Additional Protocol containing rules for non-international conflicts. The humanitarian principles enshrined in Art. 3 common to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, constitute the foundation of respect for the human person in cases of armed conflict not of an international character. The Preamble deals with four subjects, each in one paragraph: The basis of Protocol II in Art. 3 common to the Geneva Conventions (1), the international protection of human rights (2), the need to develop protection (3) and a restatement of the general principles known as the de Martens Clause (4).

Keywords:Geneva Conventions; non-international armed conflicts; preamble



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