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Part IV: Civilian Population

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Chapter Summary

In its 1956 Draft Rules, the ICRC proposed that a single set of rules be developed for both international and internal armed conflict covering the protection of civilians against attacks and the effects of attacks. The documentation for the 1971 ICRC Conference of Government Experts did not distinguish between the two types of armed conflicts. Articles 24 to 29 of the 1973 ICRC Draft Protocol II were derived directly from its proposal for chapters I to III of Part IV of Draft Additional Protocol I. In order to ensure that the terms used in Part II of Protocol II are construed in the same sense as they are defined in Protocol I it might be prudent to express understanding similar to the one expressed by the United States upon signature in regard to the terms used in Part III of Protocol II.

Keywords:1956 draft rules; civilians; ICRC



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