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Chapter Summary

Hūnīn was a small Shīʿite village not far from the modern border between Lebanon and Israel. Next to it is the impressive remains of the Crusader castle Castellum Novum, Chastiau Neuf. Hūnīn was protected by a strong wall with moats on the north, west, and south, about 18m wide, dug into the rock. The east wall was built on top of an inaccessible slope. Round towers protected the corners of the fortress. In July or August 1167, Hūnīn was attacked by Nūr ad-Dīin of Damascus, and was abandoned by the Franks after they had burnt it down. Nūr ad-Dīin followed, demolishing its fortifications. After the Crusaders' defeat at Ḥaṭṭīn in 1187, the castle of Hūnīn surrendered to Saladin. A mosque was added to the citadel of Hunin sometime during the Muslim rule.

Keywords:Hūnīn; Lebanon; mosque



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