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1. Vikings’ Settlements in Ireland Before 1014

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Chapter Summary

This chapter comments on a range of Viking-influenced settlement, including raiding bases, towns, coastal stations, and rural sites. A broad definition of the word 'Viking' has been used to refer to people with Scandinavian cultural affiliations active outside Scandinavia The first records of Viking-attacks on Ireland relate to the 790s. Pádraig Ó Riain has suggested that the earliest form of Viking-settlement consisted of ships remaining at anchor near a shore or riverbank during a raid. The intensive use of military camps by Vikings in the 840s, 920s, and 930s reflects a series of high points in their activities in Ireland. The towns at Dublin, Limerick, and Waterford were politically the most important Viking-settlements. Military camps enjoyed brief heydays in the 840s and 920s and 930s, but from the late tenth century they seem no longer to have been the sole preserve of Viking-settlers.

Keywords: Dublin; Ireland; Limerick; military camps; Scandinavian; Viking-settlements; Waterford



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