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Chapter 14. Marine Scientific Research in the Antarctic Treaty System

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Chapter Summary

In the Antarctic Treaty area, the area south of 60° S, scientific research has been the main human activity since the area was first visited and its exploration began. International cooperation in scientific investigation, in particular during the 1957-1958 International Geophysical Year (IGY), was the main driver for the conclusion of the Antarctic Treaty in 1959. Furthermore, a scientific committee has been established under the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CAMLR) Convention for consultation and cooperation concerning the collection, study and exchange of information with respect to Antarctic marine living resources. Since commercial sealing had ceased by the time of the conclusion of Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Seals (CCAS), it was not considered necessary to establish a scientific committee; instead, the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research of the International Council of Scientific Unions (SCAR) was invited to undertake similar functions with respect to Antarctic seals.

Keywords: Antarctic Treaty System (ATS); CAMLR Convention; CCAS; Marine Scientific Research; SCAR

10.1163/9789004255210_015
/content/books/b9789004255210_015
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