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6. Girls’ Institutes and the Rearrangement of the Public and the Private Spheres in Turkey

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Chapter Summary

This chapter analyzes the role of girls' education in Turkey's transformation, and contextualizes the Turkish case in such international connections. The spread of secular public education institutions, and young women's and girls' access to them, emerged as a vehicle for a new relationship between Ottoman women and the state. Reversing the public and private spheres was advocated by the school magazines in the form of poems such as this one starting, "Dear Turkish Girl, discover your useless hopes and dispose of them, let motherhood be your ultimate aim!" This re-invention of homemaking brought a new understanding to women's work, which now meant not just toil but also complete dedication. The girlhood theme was most prominently visibly in school magazines in Turkey during the 1930s. The transition away from the multi-ethnic education system of the Ottoman empire was mostly compensated for by the girls' institutes.

Keywords:girls institutes; Ottomanempire; public and private spheres; school magazines; Turkey



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