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Sharing the Concept of God among Trading Prophets: Reading the Poems Attributed to Umayya b. Abī Ṣalt

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Chapter Summary

This chapter shows that the two prophets (Muḥammad and Umayya) share a vital concept of God in their revelations. It focuses on the poems dealing with the concept of God attributed to Umayya. The chapter begins by problematizing the domination of a single narrative about Islam on the Arabian peninsula in the seventh century, revealed by Muḥammad declaring himself and often regarded by Muslims and many non-Muslim scholars to be the only prophet. It goes on to consider the question of the authenticity of the sources reporting the birth of Islam. After touching upon the town of Ṭāʾif and its relation to Mecca, the poems attributed to Umayya about God are addressed. According to the author, the Qurʾān (reading) revealed by Muḥammad was not the only Qurʾan. Umayya, like Musaylima and perhaps other Arabian prophets, revealed another Qurʾān in which the concept of God is very similar to that revealed by Muḥammad.

Keywords: Ṭāʾif; Arabian peninsula; Arabic prophets; Mecca; Muḥammad; non-Muslim scholars; Qurʾān; Umayya's poems

10.1163/9789004255302_012
/content/books/b9789004255302_012
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