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Chapter Summary

Ismāʿīlī tradition should be regarded as one of the factors that were at play in the emergence of the distinct type of mysticism reflected in the works of Ibn Masarra and Ibn al-ʿArabī. The mystical discourse of Ibn Masarra and Ibn al-ʿArabī can be described as theosophical: it is primarily concerned with divinity and its mode of action in the universe, and seeks to gain knowledge of the way in which the universe was created (cosmogony) and how it operates (cosmology). There are various indications of the Fāṭimī or Shiʿi-Ismāʿīlī impact on the political and religious development of al-Andalus from the 10th century onwards. The contribution of the Ismāʿīlī tradition to the development of mysticalphilosophical thought in medieval al-Andalus has been largely overlooked by scholars in the field of Islamic mysticism.

Keywords:al-Andalus; Ibn al-ʿArabī; Ibn Masarra; Islamic mysticism; Ismāʿīlī; religious development; Shiʿi-Ismāʿīlī



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