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6 Conclusion

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Chapter Summary

This conclusory chapter of the book demonstrates the significant contribution of the Ismāʿīlī tradition to the development of mystical-philosophical thought in medieval al-Andalus. Five main topics were examined in the book: the word of God and the Divine will; letter speculations; the idea of walāya, "friendship with God", and the figure of the awliyāʾ, "the friends of God"; the concept of the perfect man; and the notion of parallel worlds. In all five topics, noteworthy similarities were found between medieval Ismāʿīlī literature and the writings of the Andalusī Sunni mystics Ibn Masarra and Ibn al-ʿArabī. The teachings of the latter two embody a type of mystical discourse that can be characterized as theosophical. This discourse, focused on the tripartite relationship between God, the universe and man, is permeated with cosmogonic and cosmological speculations.

Keywords:al-Andalus; Divine will; God; Ibn Masarra; Ismāʿīlī tradition; letter speculations; walāya



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